The Clipore program

Mistra’s Climate Policy Research Program Clipore 2004 - 2011 is one of the longest and largest research programs ever undertaken by Mistra. The program's main focus was on international climate policy processes and in particular incentives and instruments for national and international commitments. The Mistra Indigo research program is based on results and networks from Clipore.

Significant contribution to the world climate policy

In order for the international climate effort to succeed, countries must agree on how the global emissions of greenhouse gases will be regulated and how climate adaptation and technology transfer in developing countries should be supported by other countries.

Among many things Clipore provided valuable scientific basis to the UNFCCC negotiations and the design of emissions trading system and other instruments in EU. It has also given important inputs to the development of national and statewide policies in the US. The program gathered some 70 researchers in social science projects and published over 200 scientific articles during the program period.

“Research from Clipore is the only one in the area that has been usable, this because the scientists have worked closely with both policy makers and stakeholders.”

Jan Thompson, chief negotiator for the UK's climate delegation

What results have the program provided

Clipore has provided a better understanding of the decision-making processes at the international climate negotiations, partly thanks to a database that was built up with several thousand interviews and surveys from the UN climate meetings. Among other things the research showed which of the big players (i.e. EU, US and China) that countries see as a leader in the various stages of the negotiations: results that can be used to make future climate negotiations more effective. It is currently being used by the UNFCCC: s system for side-event applications https://seors.unfccc.int/ External link, opens in new window.

The program has also studied the driving forces in developing countries with regards to climate mitigation and adaptation measures. It has provided a better understanding of how politicians in countries such as India attempts to balance emission reductions  with economic development, at the same time as the country is strongly affected by climate change. The driving forces of climate change initiatives in the US has also been studies, where more was shown to happen at the state level and through federal legislation than what the common discussion .

Other results related to how the targeted initiatives within the UNFCCC with regards to deforestation are handled. One lesson is that interventions can be more cost effective if, in addition to reducing the climate impact, the countries focus on achieving a positive effect on biodiversity. The program's researchers also developed a mapping tool for decision-makers to see  where there is a need for adaptation to climate change based on rising sea levels, and where preventive measures are planned or are missing.

Who has benefited from the research?

The program was directed towards a broad group of users; Sweden's climate delegation and the international climate negotiators, decision makers at national, European and global level, industry, environmental organizations and other researchers in the field. A large number of seminars presenting current research and open up for the discussion were together with politicians, authorities and companies held in Brussels, Washington, Stockholm and New Delhi.

Different users have shown great interest in the program results and explained that this is because scientists have worked closely with decision makers and other stakeholders, and managed to focus on the important knowledge that is actually needed in climate policy. One reason for the attention is also Clipore has been perceived as an independent research program. For instance did the research about the distorting effects of the businesses getting free emissions allowances within the EU ETS receive great interest from both politicians and the business community.

Updated: 2015-08-26


Participating organizations

  • IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
  • Resources for the Future
  • University of Gothenburg
  • Center for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo (CICERO)
  • Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research (CSPR) The Tema Institute, Linköping University
  • Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
  • Department of Government, Uppsala University
  • The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

Key Reports from the program

Key Research Findings 2004-2011 Pdf, 10.5 MB, opens in new window.

Ambio Issue 2012 External link, opens in new window.

The function of side events COP Pdf, 1.4 MB, opens in new window.

10 years with the ECP Pdf, 546.5 kB, opens in new window.

Clipore Progress Report 2010 Pdf, 1.4 MB, opens in new window.

Annual Reports

Annual Report 2009 Pdf, 4.3 MB, opens in new window.

Annual Report 2008 Pdf, 1.3 MB, opens in new window.

Annual Report 2007 Pdf, 4.9 MB, opens in new window.

Annual Report 2005 Pdf, 1.2 MB, opens in new window.

The website is administrated by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Insitute Ltd | © IVL